Mount Roraima is the highest of the Pakaraima chain of tepui plateau in South America. It is also known as Tepuy Roraima and Cerro Roraima.With a vertex area of 31 km2 and defended by 400-metre-tall cliffs on all sides, Mount Roraima was explored by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1596.
The mountain embrace the ternary border points of Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana. Mount Roraima’s name is originated from ‘Roroi-ma,’ meaning ‘big blue-green’ in Pemon.
The first recorded person to climb this tepuy was Sir Everard im Thurn in 1884. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle also got inspiration for his classic novel The Lost World in 1912 from this mountain.
The top consists of granular rock consisting essentially of quartz and sedimentary rock(softer when weathered), they appear black due to added organic matter (moss, fungi) over millions of years. The top abrasion has produced pols and meres with crystal clear rain water. The areas with pink sands on the peak gives it a truly other world landscape feeling.